Understanding the Basics of Law for Non-Lawyers

Let’s understand the basics of law.

Law is the system of rules and regulations that govern a society. Laws help to enforce order and justice, while also ensuring that everyone plays by the same set of rules. Law is essential in any civilized society–it ensures that people are treated fairly and equally under the law.

What is a law?

A law is a rule that is enforced by a government. Laws are made by lawmakers and enforced by the police. They can be written down in statutes, codes, and court decisions, or simply stated verbally through statute law (meaning there’s no official written record).

The main types of laws include criminal; civil; administrative; constitutional; traffic; environmental protection etcetera.

What is the difference between laws, statutes, and codes?

What is the difference between laws, statutes, and codes?
What is the difference between laws, statutes, and codes?

Laws, statutes, and codes are all different ways of describing the same thing: the law. Laws are general principles that govern the behavior of people in society. Statutes are laws made by legislatures (or other legislative bodies). Codes are also called case law or common law; they’re derived from cases decided by courts over time.

As you can see, there’s a lot of variety when it comes to how laws get written down in books and websites, and even more when we look at how they’re applied on a daily basis!

Can I break or disobey these laws?

You can break a law if you are not aware of it. You can also disobey a law if it is not morally right or justified, such as stealing from someone or lying to them. However, there are certain situations where breaking the law is considered illegal and punishable by law enforcement officials. For example:

  • If someone breaks into your house while you’re sleeping at night and steals all of your possessions (even though they did not use violence against you), then this would be considered trespassing onto private property without permission which could lead to jail time and fines depending on how much money was stolen from each item worth more than $500 USD per person.
  • If drivers run red lights at intersections without signaling their intentions first before entering busy streets filled with pedestrians crossing through crosswalks before reaching intersections in order to avoid accidents caused by distracted drivers speeding around corners too quickly because they won’t get somewhere fast so that other drivers don’t slow down traffic behind them due fear/anxiety about being late again after getting stuck behind another vehicle only able stay ahead due package reliable transportation options available within the geographical area where location selected for employment purposes.”

What is a legal system?

What is a legal system?
What is a legal system?

A legal system is a set of rules and principles that are used to govern a society. These rules can vary from country to country, but they all share some common characteristics:

  • The legal system is based on the culture of its people
  • Judges must strictly follow the laws as written by legislators or otherwise authorized individuals within the government

Basic laws

The law is a set of rules made by the government to help people live together in peace. These laws are enforced by the government, and they can be used to protect things such as property, people, animals, and nature.

The basic laws that you should know include:

  • The Constitution This is the highest law in our country because it was written down by our Founding Fathers (and signed) as part of our Constitution. It contains all other laws passed by Congress or other agencies like courts or executive departments; also called “constitutional” legislation because it was created before most laws were created through legislation (called statutory or common law).

For example: if someone steals something from another person who has been found guilty of theft then they will go to jail for breaking this rule set forth under Article 2 Section 1 Clause 2 which states “No person shall be held criminally responsible unless proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.”

Civil law

Civil law
Civil law

Civil law is a body of laws that govern the rights and responsibilities of people. This type of law applies to private individuals and businesses, as opposed to criminal law, which deals with public matters.

Civil laws are based on fairness, compassion, and empathy—and they’re designed to protect people from being harmed by others. They typically focus on what’s fair in terms of treatment between two parties (like an employer-employee relationship), rather than focusing on punishment or retribution for wrongdoing committed by one party against another (which is more common in criminal codes).

Criminal law

Criminal law is a body of laws that define crimes and criminal offenses. Criminal cases are brought before the courts for adjudication, with the goal being to punish those who violate the law.

Criminal cases are different from civil or family cases in that they do not involve private disputes between individuals, but rather involve the enforcement of public policy by the state against someone else’s actions. In other words, criminal charges are brought against individuals who have harmed someone else through their actions or inaction (or even inaction).

Law and morality in a human society

Law and morality in a human society
Law and morality in a human society

The law is often used to oppress minorities and the powerless. For example, in many countries around the world, laws are created that criminalize homosexuality and make it illegal for gay people to marry or have children. This can be considered immoral because these laws do not represent what we would want our society to be like.

The law also has been used to protect powerful groups from being held accountable for their actions. For example, if one company is accused of polluting a river with toxic waste or dumping toxic chemicals into it (which causes serious health problems), then this company can hire lawyers who will try their best not only to win but also to keep charges against them secret so they don’t lose money or face other consequences such as jail time!

There are many different facets of law that you should be aware of.

Law is a system that governs society. It is the set of rules and regulations that define what can happen in a particular environment, such as your neighborhood or workplace.

The law protects people and property by establishing limits on behavior, which may be referred to as “rights” or “beyond reasonable doubt”. Moreover, it also establishes justice between people so they can live together peacefully with respect for each other’s rights.

By knowing some basic laws, you will be able to understand how they work together in order to make sure everyone has equal access to resources including land ownership rights over their property boundaries (such as property lines), human rights including freedom of speech (the right not having someone else try to stop someone else from saying whatever they want), etc…


The above information is just the beginning. You can find a lot more information about the different aspects of law in our other articles on this topic. If you would like to learn more, check out our blog here!

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